Language Guide
Verbs
Negative Informal (Tú) Commands

Negative Informal (Tú) Commands

There are many different types of commands in Spanish, including affirmative tú commands, formal commands, nosotros commands, indirect commands, and negative   commands. We'll take a look at negative commands in this article. ¡No te espantes!  (Don't freak out!) These command forms aren't too tricky.

Overview

Negative informal commands, also called negative commands, are used to tell a friend, family member the same age as you or younger, classmate, child, or pet not to do something.

No compres la camisa.
Do not buy the shirt.
 
No aprendas español.
Do not learn Spanish.
 
¡No escribas el ensayo!
Do not write the essay!
 

Always make sure you put no  or another negative word like nunca  (never) in front of the verb when forming a negative informal command.

Negative Informal Imperative Forms

The negative informal imperative, yet another term used to describe negative commands, is formed differently than the affirmative informal imperative. It is actually formed much like the negative formal imperative in that it uses the present subjunctive form of the verb.

If you already know the formal command forms, you can simply add an s to the end of the formal command to form a negative informal command.

InfinitiveNegative Formal CommandNegative Informal Command
comprar
 
no compre
 
no compres
 
aprender
 
no aprenda
 
no aprendas
 
escribir
 
no escriba
 
no escribas
 

Irregular Negative Informal Commands

If a verb is irregular in the present subjunctive, its negative informal command form maintains the same irregularity.

No hagas la tarea.
Don't do the homework.
 
No seas injusto.
Don't be unfair.
 

Pronoun Placement

In negative informal commands, the pronoun goes between the negative word (like no or nunca) and the verb.

Nunca les compres dulces a los niños.
Never buy candy for the children.
 
Nunca se los compres.
Never buy it for them.
 

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