Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish
As the name implies, demonstrative adjectives demonstrate a quality about the noun they modify, in this case, the location in respect to the speaker or the listener, and can be translated as this, that, these, or those. They are commonly used to say "which" noun or to emphasize a noun.
Demonstrative Adjective Forms
Spanish has three sets of demonstrative adjectives, depending on the location of the noun to the speaker or listener, each with a feminine, masculine, singular, and plural form. Each set has four different adjective forms, for a total of twelve in all.
1. Este is used to describe a noun that is close to the speaker (this, these).
Este (and its other forms) is used to point out nouns which are close the speaker as well as the person to whom he or she is speaking. It is normally within reaching distance.
To remember that este means this/these recite this rhyme: The adjectives for this and these have the letter T.
2. Ese is used to describe a noun that is not very close to the speaker (that, those)
Ese (and its other forms) is used to point out nouns which are further from the speaker and not easily within reach. The noun may be close to the listener, but not the speaker.
3. Aquel is used to describe a noun that is far away from the speaker (that/those over there)
Aquel (and its other forms) is used to point out nouns which are far away from both the speaker and the listener, but within visual distance.
|Masculine||aquel (that over there)||aquellos (those over there)|
|Feminine||aquella (that over there)||aquellas (those over there)|
Demonstrative Adjective Placement
Demonstrative adjectives are typically placed immediately before the nouns they modify. And if more than one noun is included, as in a series, the demonstrative adjective should precede each noun.