Comparisons of Inequality in Spanish
In general, there are three ways to compare nouns: the comparison of equality (as_as), the comparisons of inequality (more/less than), and the superlative (the most/least). This article describes the comparisons of inequality, or when things are being compared that are different.
Comparisons of Inequality
To compare two nouns as being different from one another, the following formulas are used:
- más + adjective/adverb/noun + que (more. . .than)
- menos + adjective/adverb/noun + que (less. . .than)
The adjective must match the first noun as it is the subject of the comparison.
Multiple Correct Answers!
Notice that you can state each comparison two ways:
1. A is more _ than B.
2. B is less _ than A.
Negating the Equality
You can also compare the inequality of two nouns by negating the comparison of equality:
no + verb + tan + adjective/adverb + como (not as ... as)
If the comparative is followed by a number, use de rather than que for affirmative statements or questions.
más/menos + de + number
However, if the comparative is followed by a number and is negative, you will use que to mean only.
más/menos + que + number
Single Word Comparisons
There are a few adjectives that can compare nouns without the use of the formulas above. With these adjectives, you do NOT need to use más or menos. The adjective itself is a comparison word and only needs que afterwards to mean than.