Basic Spanish Prepositions
Prepositions are used to indicate a relationship between two words, linking them together. Prepositions usually indicate location, direction, or time. As the prefix pre in the word preposition suggests, prepositions precede the word or words they link. There are simple prepositions, which consist of only one word, and compound prepositions, which consist of multiple words.
Below you will find a list of the most common simple prepositions in Spanish.
|to, at||from, since|
|behind||before, in the presence of|
|in, on, at||according to|
|until, toward||about, on, upon, above, over, around|
|after, behind||of, from|
|for, by||for, in order to|
In most cases, prepositions are used the same way in Spanish as they are in English, and you will find their placements fairly logical. There are a few Spanish prepositions, however, that warrant a little extra attention. Below you'll find a profile on a few of the more common Spanish prepositions.
This very common preposition can mean to, at, by, or for, among other translations.
It can be used to:
- indicate motion (translation: to)
- connect a verb to another verb in the infinitive (translation: not translated directly)
- indicate manner, or how something is done (translation: on, by, with)
- introduce a person as a direct object, aka the personal a (translation: not translated directly)
- introduce an indirect object (translation: to, for)
- express time (translation: at or no direct translation)
This preposition can mean of, from, or with, among other translations. It can be used to:
- indicate possession (translation: of or possessive 's or s')
- indicate cause (translation: from, with)
- indicate origin (translation: from, of)
- talk about the beginning of a process (translation: from)
- compare or talk about a member of a group (translation: in, of or than)
- describe a noun using another noun (translation: of or no direct translation)
This common preposition can mean in, on, at, about, or by, among other translations. It can be used to:
- indicate location (translation: in, on, at)
- to indicate time (translation: in)
- to indicate manner, or how something is done (translation: by)
Many common phrases also begin with en: