Active vs. Passive Voice
Knowing the difference between active and passive voice makes a big difference in how things are phrased. The passive voice is used much more often in Spanish than English.
An agent (the doer of the sentence) is the subject of the verb and does something. There may or may not be an object (the thing done or person done to.)
The passive voice indicates what happened to the object where the object is acted upon by an outside agent, which can be hidden or highlighted depending on the situation. You will only use transitive verbs (verbs that require a direct object).
The following formulas are used to create the passive voice:
- ser + past participle (+ por + agent)
- se + 3rd person