Su, Sus? | SpanishDict Answers
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1 Vote

Can someone please explain how Su and Sus are used? Do they mean both your and their? For exmaple, is "your house" "Su casa" and your houses "Sus casas"? Is "their houses" "Sus casas" also'

  • Posted Jan 8, 2008
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6 Answers

1 Vote

Su and sus are the possesive pronouns for Usted or Ustedes. You use su if the object it is reffering to is sngular, and sus is used if the objects are plural. For example:
Su bolso es azul - Your bag is blue.
Sus coches son rapidos - Your cars are fast.
This is if the person you are address warrants the Ud. form. If not, use tu/tus.

1 Vote

So then the complete picture would look like this?

Yo = Mi/Mis
Tu = Tu /Tus
Ud.,El, Ella = Su/Sus

Nosotros = Nuestro/Nuestros
Vosotros = ?
Ellos, Ellas = Su/Sus'

1 Vote

my house = mi casa

my houses = mis casas

our house = nuestra casa

our houses = nuestras casas

As you can see, whether the possesive pronoun is in plural (s-ending) depends entirely on whether the possesed thing or person is (this is concordance). The rest of the word refers to the owner. It works the same for su(s), the confusing part is that su(s) has many possible meanings:

su casa = your (formal: singular or plural)(de usted(es), his(de él), her(de ella), their(de ellos/ellas) house.

sus casas = all the same, except now it is houseS.

The possesive pronouns are:

yo - mi(s)

tú - tu(s)

él/ella/usted - su(s)

nosotros/as - nuestro/a(s)

vosotros/as - vuestro/a(s)

ellos/ellas/ustedes - su(s)

Keep in mind that the gender of the possesive pronoun (just like the plurality) refers to the possessed, not the possesor:

Nosotros miramos nuestra casa.

Nosotros miramos nuestro perro.

Nosotras miramos nuestra casa.

Nosotras miramos nuestro perro.

So you were correct, OP! :D

For extra emphasis, or to distinguish what is yours from what is mine etc., you can use these BEHIND the thing/person possesed:

yo - mío/a(s)

tú - tuyo/a(s)

él/ella/usted - suyo/a(s)

nosotros/as - nuestro/a(s)

vosotros/as - vuestro/a(s)

ellos/ellas/ustedes - suyo/a(s)

"Estos son el libro y la camiseta míos, eso es el (libro) tuyo y aquella es la (camiseta) suya."

"¡Seguro que mi padre es mucho más fuerte que el tuyo!"

0 Vote

su/sus = your, his, her, their, one's, it's

0 Vote

Looks good to me. Yo etc are subject pronouns & Mi etc are possessive pronouns.

0 Vote

I think vosotros = vuestro.

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