Palabras de la misma familia/ Words from the same family
When studying English vocabulary, it is extremely helpful to learn Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes. However English is not based just on Latin. It also uses Germanic and Greek roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Spanish, however, is Latin-based. Knowing that, it is a good strategy to learn how to manipulate a word into other words. For instance, bailar (verb, to dance), is related to el baile (noun, the dance), la bailarina (the ballerina), and el bailador (the dancer). This is something that beginning learners don't take into account.
So, the question is this, what kind of related word groups can you think of in Spanish. The larger the related group, the more words we just learned effortlessly.
I'll give you some examples:
escritura, escribano (writing, notary public) both come from the verb escribir (to write)
corazonada (hunch), descorazonar (to dishearten) both come from corazón (heart)
limpieza, limpiador (cleaning, cleaner) both come from the verb limpiar (to clean)
cantante, cantadora, cantatela, canción, cancionero (singer, Spanish flamenco singer, same old story, song, songbook) all come from the verb cantar (to sing).