In the Spanish phrase "El niño está corriendo" how is "esta" being used?
I'm learning Spanish through Rosetta Stone. In the program they use phrases such as the one in my question. This made me think that Esta was a form of the word is, and the Estan was a form of the word are, such as in the sentence El Nino y La Nina estan Corriendo. Can you please explain this.
Hi Werdna, and Bienvenido al foro! (Welcome to the forum!) I think you're going to really like this site!
I also have done some Rosetta Stone, and you're interpretation of the sentence is correct. It's pretty straightforward, "The boy is running". El niño y la niña están corriendo means "The boy and the girl are running". The "están" is the plural form, third person plural.
It sounds like you're getting it so far!
estan > estar = TO BE; Irregular.Imperative; esta (tu) Gerund: Estando
Present indicative: estoy, estas, esta, estamos, estais, estan
Present subjunctive: este, estes, este, estemos, esteis,esten
Preterite: Estuve, estuvistes,estuvo,estuvimos,estuvisteis,estuvieron
Hope the verb conjugations help you to understand correctly
A conjugated form of the verb "to be" used for (among other things) forming the progressive tenses (just as in English).