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When do you use buen vs bueno or buena?

  • Posted Jun 23, 2010
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  • Great info, but I'm confused re: buena suerte. I didn't think suerte was either masculine or feminine so why is there an "a" ending re: buena? Thanks. - silverfoxtro Jun 23, 2010 flag
  • Suerte is feminine. All nouns have gender in Spanish. - canicos Jun 23, 2010 flag

2 Answers

2 Vote

This thread had some good points:

Buen, bueno, buena

Buen, bueno, buena... the ending matches the noun it describes, as far as gender.

For example,

La niña buena = The good girl

El niño bueno = The good boy

NOTE: When bueno comes before a masculine singular noun such as día (day), viaje / bee-AH-hay (trip), or trabajo (job), you drop the final 'O'.

Un buen alumno = The good student (male)

Una buena alumna = The good student (female)

"Buenos días - Good morning, Good day

Buenas noches - Good night

Que pase un buen día - Have a nice day

¡Buen viaje! - Have a nice trip (Bon voyage)

Buena suerte - Good luck!

Buen trabajo - Good job

Buen provecho - Enjoy your meal (Bon appetit)

Something else to note:

Some adjectives change their meaning according to whether they are placed before or after the noun:

El es un buen hombre. This would indicate the man is a fine man, a good person.

Jaime es un niño bueno. This would indicate Jaime is a good boy, as in well behaved.

The differences are subtle.

Es una buena comida.

It's a good meal, indicating it looks good, it's healthy, etc.

Es una comida buena.

It's a good meal, indicating it tastes good, it was hearty, satisfying, etc.

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Thank you Kiwi-Girl for your very informative answer. I looked up the thread, also. I was going to ask this question today, but found this in the archives. This was a very good question Silverfoxtrot.

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