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Que significa "el que" por ejemplo, "Modernismo es el término con el que se designa a una corriente de renovación..."

• Posted Nov 12, 2009
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"Modernismo es el término con el que se designa a una corriente de renovación..." --- In this case "con el que" can be translated as "with which"

¿El qué? by itself means "What?" (The what?) --- This is asked when you are not sure of what you've heard somebody telling. I believe it is more of a colloquial expression as ¿Qué??? alone serves the same function.

"el que" has a number of applications: as seen above it can mean what or that, which, who, whom.

It has the same meaning when a noun separates them: " Este es el dinero que me distes" --- This is the money that you gave me.

El es el que repara televisores. --- He is the one who fixes televisions.